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Bachelors in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT), also known as clinical laboratory Technology is a 3-year undergraduate program that can be pursued after completion of Class 12th. It is a career-oriented course and is a popular one in paramedical science. Global Medical Laboratories Market size was valued at $78Bn by 2019 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 5.4% during the forecast period 2020-2025. It is an allied health profession which is concerned with the diagnosis and prevention of disease through the use of clinical laboratory investigations and findings. The efficient and balanced training program in laboratory medicine, allows students to learn, detect and diagnose diseases. The study also includes the know-how of collecting information required, sampling, testing, reporting and documentation of the investigations.


3 years


Sr. Secondary (10+2) with Biology or Life Sciences as one of the subjects with minimum 50% marks. An entrance exam followed by personal interview with ICRI.

Career Opportunities

The course aims to provide the candidate with adequate knowledge and skills to carry out routine laboratory diagnostic procedures and some sophisticated laboratory diagnostic procedures. They would have sufficient theoretical knowledge related to the principles of the laboratory exercises and also to deal with new advances in instrumentation, methodology or standardization, Management of Laboratories, Standard Protocols and use of technology as relates to Laboratory Investigations. Medical laboratory technologists do routine laboratory testing under stipulated conditions. Technologists may prepare specimens and operate machines that automatically analyse samples. The average salary observed by candidates pursuing Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is INR 2 lacs to 12 lacs per annum depending upon the candidature.

What will you study ?

Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) consists of subjects that deal with paramedical subjects. The main focus of this course is on lab techniques. In the below table, you will find the core subjects of all 3-years and semester wise topics covered in those years.

Year 1- Subjects

Semester 1 

Semester 2 

Human Physiology 


Cardiovascular system

Human Anatomy

Terminology and general plan of the body

The Nervous System


Musculoskeletal system

Special Senses

Health education and communication

Respiratory System

Genitourinary System

Bio-medical waste management

Digestive System

Endocrine System

Year 2- Subjects

Semester 3

Semester 4 


Introduction and History of Pathology

Mechanism of coagulation


Tissue renewal and repair

Complete blood count

Clinical Haematology

General features of acute and chronic inflammation

Introduction to immunohematology

Immunology and serology

Protein-energy malfunction


Histopathology and his techniques




Year 3 -Subjects

Semester 5

Semester 6

Immunohematology and blood banking

Staining of carbohydrates

Basic principles of blood banking

Clinical enzymology and automation

Demonstration of minerals and pigments in the tissue sample

Other blood group system such as Lewi

Parasitology and virology

Autoimmune disorders

Transfusion transmissible infectious disease screen

Diagnostic cytology 

Demonstration of nucleic acids

Blood components and their preparation

Principles of lab management and medical ethics



Advanced diagnostic techniques



Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology



Diagnostic molecular biology



What will you become ?

The medical technologists are an integral part of the medical profession. These professionals get involved in practical and technical work to aid correct diagnosis and in the effective functioning of Biochemical Laboratories. The career prospects in this field depend on the academic and technical skills of the technologist. These days with the growth in the private sector there are so many private hospitals, nursing homes, blood banks, pathology laboratories etc. the demand for laboratory technologists is on the up-swing.

Aspirants can work as:

  • Laboratory Manager
  • Consultant/ Supervisor
  • Health Care Administrator
  • Hospital Outreach Coordination
  • Laboratory Information System Analyst/ Consultant
  • Educational Consultant
  • Co-ordinator and more.

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