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What is Clinical Psychology?

Clinical psychology provides psychiatric services from people of all ages and all walks of life. Methods and techniques may vary from practice to practice. However, the focus of clinical psychology is to assess the client's mental health through psychological assessments and tests and to provide appropriate intervention. In addition to these core activities, clinical psychologists sometimes do research and act as consultants.

Mental health concerns are on the rise in developing countries like India. The globalizing world is witnessing increasing stress levels. The processes of modernization has led to an increased momentum of change. While the burdens are increasing on a daily basis, the existing support systems provided surrounding environment seems to be insufficient to deal with the stress rising day by day affecting the efficiency to lead a normal life or to maintain a pace with demanding job roles.

The Mental Health Survey (2015-16), showed that the treatment gap for mental disorders ranged between 70 to 92% for different disorders. Anecdotal reports suggest that the total number of psychiatrists in India could be between 3,500 and 5,000 which translates to one psychiatrist to 200,000 to 300,000 people. The existing training infrastructure produces about 320 psychiatrists, 50 clinical psychologists and 185 mental health nurses per year. Scarcity of trained and supervised services and professionals is one of the fundamental barriers to the progress of mental health services in India. This clearly points out to the need for training mental health professionals who can effectively respond to the mental health needs of communities.

Adding to the problem there is huge shortage of psychiatrists and psychologist in India as compared to the number of people suffering from mental health issues. WHO states that in India per 1lakh population there are 0.07 psychologist while the desired numbers are anything above at least 3 psychologists per 1lakh population?

This need is realized and there are large number of mental health and wellness startups in India. It has garnered over US $ 28.24, with the decade highest investment in 2021 and that is definitely going to increase in near future.

The specific goal of the M.A. Applied Psychology (Clinical and Counselling Practice) will be to equip learners to practice developmental, mental health and issue-based assessment and interventions with a focus on primary prevention and therapeutic interventions. The current M.A. programme aims to develop students’ self-awareness and a sound theoretical base from which they can build skills necessary for practice in fieldwork and internship settings. The emphasis is on a seamless blend of theory and practice. The focus is also on developing research capacities of students. Supervision is inbuilt into the practice component allowing students to benefit from feedback provided by trained professionals in the field.

Clinical Psychology Career

Clinical psychology involves the assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness. The largest subfield of psychologists, clinical psychologists often work in hospitals, private clinics, academic institutions, NGO’s, startups etc focusing on mental well being

Below are the job profiles available in Clinical Psychology

Clinical Psychologists-The responsibility of a clinical psychologist is to resolve the physical and mental issues faced by children to adults.

Counsellor-The counsellors are trained to provide guidance to the clients on personal or psychological problems.

Psychotherapist-Specially trained to offer therapy to the clients to resolve their mental and emotional problems.

Teachers-The graduate of Clinical Psychology can teach the subject in universities and colleges.

Child Psychologists-Responsible to cure the mental illness of the children through communication and other methods.

Health Psychologist-

Responsible for curing psychological effects of bad health a person suffering from. The two year intensive program includes

  • Learning and administering various test-including personality/IQ/ ROR /and many more
  • Hands on with various therapies-REBT, CBT, Freudian, Rogerian etc.
  • Organizing and conducting workshops
  • Training in hospitals
  • Visits to various mental health setups
  • Guests lectures from the people in the industry
  • Training in being a career counselors
  • Access to an extensive e-library with subject matter experts
  • Placement lectures to prepare for jobs
  • Conducting mental health awareness camps

Earning a Master's Degree in Clinical Psychology: What You Should Know Before Enrolling

Clinical psychologists assess and treat mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. They use psychology to treat complicated human troubles and to encourage change. They also promote resilience and assist people in discovering their strengths.
Clinical psychology courses are one of the most important subfields of psychology offered by one of the leading institute by ICRI. To be successful as a clinical or ccounseling psychologist, you must have a strong interest in discovery, learning, and listening.
Clinical Psychology courses from ICRI have received clinical training in research, education, and health care. Others focus on areas like counseling and school psychology. They work with various populations, focusing on individual differences, normal and abnormal behavior, mental and emotional health, healthy bbehaviors and the prevention of mental disorders.
Coursework for a Master's Degree in Clinical Psychology
Psychopathology The history and theoretical models of unusual behavior and prevalent psychological disorders, including psychosis, sleep disorders, affective disorders, and anxiety disorders, are covered in psychopathology courses. Students learn to categorize symptoms, make diagnoses, and devise long-term treatment plans.
Learning Theories and Behavioral Principles
Students in psychology programs must have Behavioural principles and learning theories courses that examine historical and contemporary counselling and psychotherapy approaches. Students learn how to counsel diverse people, trying to prepare them to interact with individuals from various backgrounds.
Counseling Techniques
Counseling strategies Psychology programs typically cover theoretical foundations and historical and contemporary approaches to various counselling and psychotherapy techniques. While interacting with clients, students learn how to apply these techniques practically. They also develop the necessary skills for integrating these techniques into therapeutic interventions and processes.
Clinical Education
MA clinical psychology program from ICRI necessitates students to complete a certain number of clinical hours as part of their curriculum. Clinical training duration differs depending on the institution and program. A clinical psychologist oversees students throughout this training as they gain practical, hands-on expertise in a clinical setting while cooperating with other health professionals.
Clinical Psychologists Must Have Skills
MA Clinical psychology deals with challenging cases and patients from various cultural, religious, and socio-economic backgrounds dealing with sensitive issues. The existence of their work necessitates a specific set of skills to treat and meet the requirements of their customers effectively.
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking
Clinical psychologists use a broad knowledge base and a wide range of evaluation and research methods to formulate an accurate diagnosis and determine the best treatment for their patients.
Skills in Observation
Clinical psychologists should be vigilant in administering psychological tests, making accurate diagnoses, devising appropriate treatment plans, and tracking patient progress.
Listening Actively
Clinical psychologists must fully engage in verbal and nonverbal communication with their patients. Should be responsive, asking appropriate follow-up questions, specifying what a patient says, and offering thoughtful comments are all necessary for a collaborative approach to improve. This ability can assist psychologists in gathering necessary information, establishing trust, and improving patient communication.

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